By ELEANOR HEDGES DUROY, age 12
In AD 79, Mount Vesuvius erupted, covering Herculaneum, Italy, in hot gases and lava. In 1752, workers uncovered one house, which likely belonged to Julius Caesar’s father-in-law, containing a library of more than 350 scrolls of papyrus. Most attempts to read the fragile scrolls have resulted in their destruction. Recently, physicists have created a technique called X-ray phase-contrast imaging and identified letters inside the scrolls. This creates hope for someday interpreting these important writings from ancient philosophers.