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In July, scientists discovered four new species of octopus living in Antarctica. Two of the octopi possess a special venom (toxic substance) that works in freezing, sub-zero temperatures. Researchers hope to use the venom to create new medicines for diseases such as cancer. The octopus belongs to a group of invertebrates (animals without a backbone) called cephalopods.


• An octopus can reach speeds of up to 25 miles per hour!
• The plural of octopus can be written as octopuses OR octopi.
• If an octopus loses an arm, it can grow another!
• Although they do not have a backbone, octopi have a hard “beak” at the center of their eight arms!