By Sabat Ali, Age 11

 

The Krafla geothermal power plant in Iceland

 

Iceland has become a world leader in the use of geothermal power and other forms of clean, renewable energy. Its location above the Mid-Atlantic Ridge is what makes the island a good candidate for geothermal power. Geothermal power is energy generated by heat that is stored in the earth.

Iceland makes use of its many hot springs to produce geothermal energy. There is also drilling deep into the ground to find reservoirs of super-hot water, which can be more than 300°C in temperature.

Iceland also uses its vast water supply to harness hydropower, which is energy generated by falling water. By using natural resources that are unique to its region, it’s estimated that Iceland’s hydro and geothermal resources now supply nearly all of its consumption of electricity.