By DAPHNE OKUYAMA, age 11

PHOTO: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
PHOTO: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

In early October, South Carolina was hit by a once-in-a-thousand-years flood caused by Hurricane Joaquin. The flood left at least 19 dead in its wake. Scientists say that climate change is making the surface waters of the tropical Atlantic Ocean warmer, creating rising record temperatures and increasing the likelihood of extreme weather events.